Functional error handling – parsing command line arguments in F#

In this post, which is the second part of the series Functional error handling in F# and C#, we will examine an application for parsing command line arguments with error handling.

The functional approach uses Applicative Functors. Applicative Functors and the basics of functional error handling, only with immutable objects and without the use of exceptions, are explained int the first post of this series: Error handling with Applicative Functors in F# and C#.

A complete solution with all the code samples from this series can be found here.

As a starting point I took this F# console application template and reimplemented it with railway oriented error handling in F# and C#. The original version writes error messages directly to the console, which is totally ok in many situations. However, the railway oriented approach offers a bit more flexibility and safety because it will let the caller decide on how to handle the failure cases.

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Function composition in C#

Function composition is about the essence of programming. Complex problems can be solved by decomposing them into many smaller problems that each can be worked out easily. Finally those small pieces have to be put together to form the overall solution. One way of combining these small pieces is function composition.

Also function composition is a great tool that makes the code more compact and reduces noise. Because of the concise syntax there are fewer possibilities to make mistakes like mixing up parameters e.g.

In this post I will show how function composition can be implemented in C# and how it is related to currying and partial application. Also I will discuss the pros and cons of function composition in C# and point out an alternative. All C# source code from this post can be downloaded here.

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